How early should we start taking steps to prevent childhood obesity? It could be before the baby is even born.
That’s the thinking of the research team behind the First 1,000 Days Program, an initiative launched by Massachusetts General Hospital for Children to assist mothers during the timeframe believed to be most critical to their child’s health – pregnancy and the first two years after birth.
The program is led by Elsie Taveras, MD, MPH, chief of General Academic Pediatrics at MGHfC, and Derri Shtasel, MD, MPH, executive director of The Kraft Center for Community Health at Partners HealthCare.
Facts About Childhood Obesity
Here are some quick facts about the growing childhood obesity problem in the United States:
- One in 10 infants are considered overweight
- An estimated 1 in 5 children are overweight or obese by kindergarten
- Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure and early heart disease
- Overweight or obese children are at an increased risk of being bullied, which can cause additional psychological problems
How the 1,000 Days Program Could Help
The 1,000 Days Program is based at the MGH Health Centers in Chelsea and Revere, and is designed to provide expectant mothers with the tools and resources needed to get their children off to a healthy start in life.
The research team works to address childhood obesity by:
- Encouraging pregnant women to maintain a healthy weight throughout pregnancy
- Working with parents to help them distinguish between different cries from their children, so they don’t mistakenly feed a sleepy child
- Advocating the complete elimination of juice and sugary drinks, which contribute to weight gain and cavities
- Encouraging breastfeeding when possible
- Holding off on introducing solid foods until at 4-6 months if possible
- Revising expectations so toddlers are not required to clear their plate at every meal
The team also encourages parents to set a good example for their children by eating healthy foods as well.
The goal of the program is to reach 1,000 women during 2017. As of April, the team had already met with over 600 women. Read more about the 1,000 Days Program here.
A portion of the study is supported by Dr. Taveras’ MGH Research Scholar award. These philanthropy funded awards provide investigators at Mass General with unrestricted funds that they can use to pursue promising new avenues of research. Taveras is an Ofer and Shelly Nemirovsky MGH Research Scholar 2015-2020.
About the Mass General Research Institute
Massachusetts General Hospital is home to the largest hospital-based research program in the United States. Our researchers work side-by-side with physicians to develop innovative new ways to diagnose, treat and prevent disease.
Support our research